China's packaging industry is facing the test of e

2022-08-17
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China's packaging industry is facing the test of environmental trade barriers (Part 1)

nowadays, environmental trade barriers affect almost all areas of China's foreign trade exports. Facing the standard of "the recovery rate of environmental protection packaging products should reach more than 85%" which will be officially implemented by the European Union in January 2006, China's packaging industry is facing a severe test

environmental trade barrier, also known as green barrier, is a new non-tariff trade barrier in the world in recent years. It is a trade barrier set up by some countries in international trade on the pretext of protecting limited resources, the environment and people's health, formulating a series of harsh environmental protection standards that are higher than internationally recognized or unacceptable to the vast majority of countries, restricting or prohibiting the import of foreign goods, so as to achieve the purpose of trade protection. At present, the common environmental trade barriers in the world are green tariffs, also known as environmental import surcharges. It refers to the imposition of environmental taxes on some imported products in addition to general tariffs on the grounds of environmental protection. Second, green technology standards. In the name of environmental protection, the company was recognized by the State Intellectual Property Office as the second batch of national enterprise and institution intellectual property demonstration and creation units in 2010, and strict mandatory environmental protection technical standards were formulated through legislative means to restrict or prohibit the import of foreign goods. Third, green quarantine. Some countries have formulated strict sanitary inspection standards, especially strict requirements on pesticide residues, radioactive substance residues and heavy metal content in food, and restrict or prohibit the import of foreign products, especially food. Fourth, mandatory measures. It is generally on the ground that the production and manufacturing environment, methods and processes of the products that build the joint laboratory into a base for scientific research and development and talent cultivation do not meet the domestic environmental requirements, and the import of some products is forcibly prohibited. Fifth, environmental trade sanctions. That is, compulsory import measures taken by one country on the ground that another country violates international environmental treaties. Sixth, environmental permit system, environmental quotas and other forms

with the continuous promotion of economic globalization and the development of trade liberalization, tariffs have fallen significantly. At this time, environmental trade barriers as a new form of trade protectionism came into being, and its impact is also growing. Nowadays, environmental trade barriers affect almost all areas of China's foreign trade exports. Facing the standard of "the recovery rate of environmental protection packaging products should reach more than 85%" which will be officially implemented by the European Union in January 2006, China's packaging industry is facing a severe test

the destruction and pollution of solid waste to the environment and the waste of earth resources have become one of the main problems faced by the international community today. The United Nations Environment Programme has listed the treatment of solid waste as a major global environmental protection issue without pollution to water quality. Packaging waste is an important part of solid waste, and its harm to the environment has attracted more and more attention. The development of green packaging materials has become the current research and development direction of the packaging industry

in the face of the deteriorating environment around the world ③ separating power lines from signal lines, countries have successively formulated a series of environmental treaties and agreements in order to protect their own resources and economic interests. According to the investigation of the WTO, a considerable part of them contain trade clauses, and the WTO has also established a trade and Environment Committee to deal with issues related to trade and environment. It can be said that environmental protection has become the main issue of international economic and trade cooperation in the 21st century, so the development of green packaging industry will become increasingly important

the basic connotation of green packaging

green packaging requires packaging enterprises to establish innovative ideas and strengthen environmental awareness under the heavy responsibility of reducing resource waste and protecting the environment. When studying new packaging materials and new packaging technologies, designing new packaging products and formulating new standards and regulations, we should focus on the development of green packaging with less resource consumption, less waste discharge, easy recycling and self degradable

the international packaging academic discussion conference held in 1996 determined the 3R principles of packaging waste treatment, namely reduce, reuse and recycle, specifically: reduce the amount of packaging and material consumption; When the technical and economic conditions permit, priority should be given to the use of reusable packaging: the development of recyclable packaging, recycling methods do not pollute the environment, but also renewable other energy

according to the 3R principle of packaging waste disposal, green packaging generally should have the following conditions: under the condition of ensuring the packaging function, the minimum materials are used, the minimum waste is used, and the environment is not polluted or rarely polluted; The packaged products will not react directly or indirectly with the contents, and are harmless and non-toxic to human body and biology; Packaging waste should be easy to recover, reuse and recycle, and can be quickly degraded without pollution when buried. When burned, it can generate new energy without polluting the environment

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